Refractive Error Progression
Dirani M, Islam FM, Baird PN. Saw, Wu, et al. (2001) commented that the hectic educational schedules such as close-up work activities in early childhood and tuition classes during the elementary school were positively related to myopia. Graham B Judge SJ . The exploratory factor analysis was applied through Varimax rotation (Hair et al., 2010).Significant Findings and ResultsDescriptive StatisticsOut of 168 children, 30 (17.8%) were 10 years old, 69 (41.1%) were 11 years http://pubtz.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-367-9.php
The relevant original data are within the S1 dataset. Measurements of refractive error in peripheral gaze were obtained at all study visits beginning in 1995. I like to watch TV for entertainment.MD2. Presbyopia: When the flexibility of the lens declines, typically due to age. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12429251
Ophthalmology 2008;12:332-339. Astigmatism occurs when cornea is curved more in one direction than in the other. This was further supported in 2008 by Weizhong et al who showed no significant relationship between accommodative lag and myopic progression17. Accordingly, the present study was conducted among Chinese primary school children aged 10 to 12 years.
Saw SM, Chua WH, Gazzard G, Koh D, Tan DT, Stone RA. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013;97(6):765–9. Cylindrical errors cause astigmatism, when the optical power of the eye is too powerful or too weak across one meridian, such as if the corneal curvature tends towards a cylindrical shape. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 6.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2016 Zhong LinBalamurali VasudevanSu Jie Fang+5 more authors ...Yuan Bo LiangRead full-textExotropia Is the Main Pattern of Childhood Strabismus Surgery in the South of China: A Mutti DO Mitchell GL Hayes JR . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000;41:1022-30. Methods Eight hundred thirty-six students (437 males, 52.3 %), aged 10.6 ± 2.5 (range 6–17) years from the Handan Offspring Myopia Study (HOMS) who completed the eye exercises and vision questionnaire,
In addition, several longitudinal studies have reported that the number of myopic parents was as a risk factor for the children’s myopic onset and/or myopic progression [10–14]. Computer is important in my daily life activities.MD5. The exclusion criteria were: (1) presence of amblyopia and/or strabismus; (2) history of intraocular surgery or penetrating ocular trauma; and (3) serious medical/ocular health problems. Furthermore, studies have reported lack of a relationship between myopia and either prematurity or low birth weight in kindergarten children born without retinopathy of prematurity or in adult twins[33–35].
PMC3740568. http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2126393 Epub 2007/05/15. Extreme myopia produced by modest change in early visual experience. Ophthalmology. 2008;115(4):686–92.
Lynn Mitchell From the The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio; Lisa A. have a peek at these guys pmid:11709020. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstet. Manny the University of Houston College of Optometry, Houston, Texas; and J.
Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses.Online ISSN: 2158-2440 Advertisement plos.org create account sign in PLOS ONE Publish Submissions Getting Started Submission Guidelines Figures Tables Supporting Information Management How refractive errors are treated or managed depends upon the amount and severity of the condition. Yes No Thanks for your feedback. check over here View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 9.
Myopia usually progresses yearly and stabilizes by the late teens to early twenties. Foveal refractive error was kept as a continuous variable in this analysis, because there was a significant negative correlation between foveal refractive error and RPR. Each affiliated university's institutional review board (University of Alabama at Birmingham; University of California, Berkeley; University of Houston; The Ohio State University; Southern California College of Optometry, and the University of
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective study that has demonstrated an association between maternal reproductive age and myopic refractive change.
More technical information on myopia may be found on theEyeWiki Site. Refractive error is the simplest disorder to treat and supposed to cost the effective health care intervention. Optometry and Vision Science, 78, 234-239.OpenUrlMedlineWeb of Science↵Wu M. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1981;58:691–695. [PubMed]32.
A., Kirov G., Hodson S. The proportion of exotropia progressively increased, while the proportion of esotropia decreased during these years. Each meridian and the amount of peripheral cylinder had significant effects on the rate of myopia progression, but the results were as inconsistent as those reported for RPR. this content Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 8, 227-236.OpenUrlCrossRefMedline↵Saw S.
The schoolteachers and the school authorities strongly supported the conduction of the study. Zhao J, Pan X, Sui R, Munoz SR, Sperduto RD, Ellwein LB. Similar analyses to the two above were also done with axial length as the dependent variable. Table 3. View Table The Number of Subjects by Years of Follow-upTable 3. The Number of Subjects by Familial aggregation of myopia in the Tehran eye study: estimation of the sibling and parent offspring recurrence risk ratios.
Koch Memorial Medal AwardThe Charles F. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002;43:3633–3640. [PubMed]10. My mother is suffering from eyesight weakness.GT2. This could be the reason why Chinese children strain their eyes more than their counterpart races in Malaysia (Malays and Indians).
View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 7. Bifocals and progressive addition lenses applied to myopic children showed some ability to slow myopic progression, consistent with this idea, although the effects were generally not strong, and it was not Cycloplegic refraction is therefore necessary to determine the most accurate prescription and to avoid over-minusing children. Smith EL Kee CS Ramamirtham R Qiao-Grider Y Hung LF .
Optom Vis Sci. 1999;76:102–107. [CrossRef] [PubMed]42.